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Hardiness Zone Area Data for Puerto Rico (PR)

Puerto Rico (PR) USDA Zone Map
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State Information Data for Puerto Rico (PR)

San Juan, Puerto Rico - Source: Ricardo Mangual
Puerto Rico (Spanish for "Rich Port"), officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Spanish: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, lit. "Free Associated State of Puerto Rico") and briefly called Porto Rico, is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeast Caribbean Sea, approximately 1,000 miles (1,600 km) southeast of Miami, Florida.

An archipelago among the Greater Antilles, Puerto Rico includes the main island of Puerto Rico and a number of smaller ones, such as Mona, Culebra, and Vieques. The capital and most populous city is San Juan. Its official languages are Spanish and English, though Spanish predominates. The island's population is approximately 3.4 million. Puerto Rico's history, tropical climate, natural scenery, traditional cuisine, and tax incentives make it a destination for travelers from around the world.

Originally populated by the indigenous TaĆ­no people, the island was claimed in 1493 by Christopher Columbus for Spain during his second voyage. Later it endured invasion attempts from the French, Dutch, and British. Four centuries of Spanish colonial government influenced the island's cultural landscapes with waves of African slaves, Canarian, and Andalusian settlers. In the Spanish Empire, Puerto Rico played a secondary, but strategic role when compared to wealthier colonies like Peru and the mainland parts of New Spain. Spain's distant administrative control continued up to the end of the 19th century, helping to produce a distinctive creole Hispanic culture and language that combined elements from the Native Americans, Africans, and Iberians. In 1898, following the Spanish-American War, the United States acquired Puerto Rico under the terms of the Treaty of Paris. The treaty took effect on April 11, 1899.

Puerto Ricans are by law citizens of the United States and may move freely between the island and the mainland. As it is not a state, Puerto Rico does not have a vote in the United States Congress, which governs the territory with full jurisdiction under the Puerto Rico Federal Relations Act of 1950. However, Puerto Rico does have one non-voting member of the House called a Resident Commissioner. As residents of a U.S. territory, American citizens in Puerto Rico are disenfranchised at the national level and do not vote for president and vice president of the United States, and do not pay federal income tax on Puerto Rican income. Like other territories and the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico does not have U.S. senators. Congress approved a local constitution in 1952, allowing U.S. citizens on the territory to elect a governor. A 2012 referendum showed a majority (54% of those who voted) disagreed with "the present form of territorial status". A second question asking about a new model, had full statehood the preferred option among those who voted for a change of status, although a significant number of people did not answer the second question of the referendum. A fifth referendum was held on June 11, 2017, with "Statehood" and "Independence/Free Association" initially as the only available choices. At the recommendation of the Department of Justice, an option for the "current territorial status" was added. The referendum showed an overwhelming support for statehood, with 97.18% voting for it, although the voter turnout had a historically low figure of only 22.99% of the registered voters casting their ballots.
Statehood July 25th, 1952
Capital San Juan
Official Flag Puerto Rico (PR) Flag
Approximate Size Total: 3,515 sq mi (9,104 km2)
Water (%): 1.6
Highest Point Cerro de Punta (4,390ft or 1,338m)
Counties 77
Population 3,667,084 (2012)
State Quarter Issued March 30th, 2009
Official Motto Joannes Est Nomen Eius (John is His Name)
Official Flower Puerto Rican Hibiscus (Maga)
Official Bird Reinita
Nickname Borinquen
Area Code(s) 787, 939
Sports Popular sports in Puerto Rico include Baseball, Basketball, Boxing, Cockfighting ("peleas de gallos"), Football (Soccer), American Football, Horse Racing, Swimming, Tennis, Wind Surfing, and Volleyball
Area Facts What are Puerto Ricos natural resources?
Copper, Nickel, and Oil


What is Puerto Ricos song?
The national anthem of Puerto Rico is "La Borinquena." It was named the national anthem in 1952 by Governor Luiz Munos Marin.


What is Puerto Ricos national dessert?
Rice Pudding
Posted By Gremelin Posted on May 8th, 2014 · Updated on January 9th, 2019
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