France, officially the French Republic (French: République française), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.3 million (as of October 2018). France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
||La Marseillaise (The Marsellaise)
||Liberté, égalité, fraternité (Liberty, Equality, Fraternity)
||Total 640,679 km2 (247,368 sq mi)
Metropolitan France 551,695 km2 (213,011 sq mi)
||France doesn't have an official nickname, but it is sometimes referred to as "the hexagon." The nickname is a direct reference to the shape of the country, which is hexagonal.
||On the Right
|International Dialing Code
||Popular sports played in France include football, judo, tennis, rugby and pétanque. France has hosted events such as the 1938 and 1998 FIFA World Cups, the 2007 Rugby World Cup, and will host the 2023 Rugby World Cup. The country also hosted the 1960 European Nations' Cup, UEFA Euro 1984, and UEFA Euro 2016. The Stade de France in Saint-Denis is France's largest stadium and was the venue for the 1998 FIFA World Cup and 2007 Rugby World Cup finals. Since 1903, France hosts the annual Tour de France, the most famous road bicycle race in the world. France is famous for its 24 Hours of Le Mans sports car endurance race. Several major tennis tournaments take place in France, including the Paris Masters and the French Open, one of the four Grand Slam tournaments. French martial arts include Savate and Fencing.
France has a close association with the Modern Olympic Games; it was a French aristocrat, Baron Pierre de Coubertin, who suggested the Games' revival, at the end of the 19th century. After Athens was awarded the first Games, in reference to the Olympics' Greek origins, Paris hosted the second Games in 1900. Paris was the first home of the International Olympic Committee, before it moved to Lausanne. Since 1900, France has hosted the Olympics on 4 further occasions: the 1924 Summer Olympics, again in Paris and three Winter Games (1924 in Chamonix, 1968 in Grenoble and 1992 in Albertville).
Similar to the Olympics, France introduced Olympics for the deaf people (Deaflympics) in 1924 with the idea of a French deaf car mechanic, Eugène Rubens-Alcais who paved the way to organise the inaugural edition of the Summer Deaflympics in Paris.
Both the national football team and the national rugby union team are nicknamed "Les Bleus" in reference to the team's shirt colour as well as the national French tricolour flag. Football is the most popular sport in France, with over 1,800,000 registered players, and over 18,000 registered clubs. The football team is among the most successful in the world, with two FIFA World Cup victories in 1998 and 2018, one FIFA World Cup second place in 2006, and two UEFA European Championships in 1984 and 2000.
||What is the household size in France?
The average household size is 2.5 (2-3 people)
What are some tourist destinations in France?
• In Paris you have the Eiffel Tower, Notre Dame, Louvre, Montmartre, Arc de Triomphe, the river Seine and many other great attractions
• In Versailles there is the castle near Paris, once home of the French kings
• Lascaux Caves: for 17,000 years old rock paintings
• Côte d’Azur for turquoise blue sea and great beaches
• Corsica: island in the Mediterranean sea, known for being the birth place of Napoleon
• French Alps: great for hiking, skiing and snowboarding
• Mont St. Michel: island in northern France which can be reached on foot during low tide
• Provence: region with lavender fields and old historic towns like Avignon
What are some useful French expressions?
• bonjour - good day
• salut - hello
• merci - thank you
• je m'appelle... - my name is....
• bon appétit! - enjoy your meal!
What is some typical food from France?
• Baguette: long bread stick
• Croque Monsieur/Croque Madame: ham and cheese grilled sandwich while Croque Madame is the more heavy version with ham, cheese and a fried egg on top
• Escargots: snails
• Foie Gras: goose liver pate
• Ratatouille: vegetable stew
• Pain au chocolat: similar to a croissant filled with chocolate
• Crepes: very thin pancakes with filling