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Arrowhead Plant · Wiki

Botanical Name: Syngonium podophyllum

The Arrowhead Plant is a member of the Araceae family, along with the philodendron, and is just as easy to care for. Give it bright light, and lightly moist soil, and you'll find that it's fairly low-maintenance.

Commercial growers have made big improvements to this beautiful foliage plant in recent years, giving it a better resistance to disease. Today's plants offer more leaf colors with heavy variegation and a compact growth habit, adding to its appeal.

As a young plant, the Arrowhead leaves start out heart-shaped, then gradually become the shape of an arrowhead as it matures. The dark green leaves have silvery white or cream variegation, making this it decorative and popular house plant.

There are many varieties to choose from, choose a plant based on the color and size. Some popular varieties are:
Butterfly features deep green leaves with creamy white veins.
Pixie is compact with small leaves.
Imperial White is stunning with green leaves marbled with white.

Display your arrowhead plant along a group of other foliage plants, or add it to a dish garden. Small plants mix well with compact Peace Lilies and English Ivy because they require similar care.

Young plants form clusters of upright stems, with climbing stems developing later. Use a moss stick to support older stems, giving aerial roots something to hold onto.
Note · Pruning Tip
To keep your Arrowhead Plant bushy and full, prune out the older climbing stems as they grow. Cut them back early in the Summer and you can propagate the stem tip cuttings.


You'll want to Re-pot in spring every couple years, or when the plant becomes root-bound. Use a container with drainage holes.
Note
The sap in this plant contains calcium oxalate crystals and is toxic to pets and people and can cause skin irritation.



 

Care Tips


Origin: South America

Height: Newer compact varieties grow to 2 ft (60 cm), some varieties climb to 4 ft (1.2 m) or higher.

Light: Bright light, but no direct sun. Can tolerate low light, but the leaves may lose their variegation. Turn the pot in front of a window regularly for even growth.

Water: Keep the potting mix moist in the Summer, allowing the surface to dry out before watering again. Water less often in the Winter, letting the top half of the potting mix dry out.

Humidity: Try to maintain 40-50% relative humidity around your plant. Brown leaf tips can be caused by dry air.

Temperature: Normal room temperatures between 60-75°F (16-24°C).

Soil: Peat-moss based potting mix, such as African violet mix.

Fertilizer: Feed every 2 weeks from Spring through Autumn with a balanced house plant fertilizer that has been diluted to half of normal strength. In the Winter you'll want to feed monthly.

Propagation: Take 3-4 in (7.5-10 cm) stem tip cuttings early in the Summer. For best results, dip the cut end in rooting hormone powder, then stand the cutting in a pot of perlite or a 50/50 mix of vermiculite and peat moss. Keep cuttings out of sunlight and maintain the humidity around them by covering the pot with a plastic bag. Cuttings should root in about a month.


 

Support


Dropped or shriveled leaves? Arrowheads are always growing new leaves, but may drop them if the plant gets too dry. Cut off any dry or shriveled leaves, and aim to keep the potting mix lightly moist at all times.
Brown, shriveled leaves could indicate chemical damage. Arrowhead's thin, delicate leaves are sensitive to leaf-shine products, pesticides, and pollutants. If the leaves are dusty, clean them with a fine spray of room-temperature water. Before using any pesticides, read the label to be sure it is safe to use on this plant.
Posted on June 23rd, 2018 · Updated on July 7th, 2018
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