I'm glad to hear it's still green, and hopefully rooting away!
Mara, welcome to the forum from this side of the big pond! Wish I knew what your little bugs were, but I sure don't... it does sound like may be your soil isn't draining well, which will lead to rot, stink, and even harmful insects - aloe's need to be reeeeally well drained. I would dispose of the soil that you have right now, and wash your pot(s) with a bit of bleach and water, and replace with new sandy soil.
I'm not sure about the bugs, but may be someone will pass through that can help you on that question. good luck!
newlife - I used to keep a small aloe vera plant
on my desk (back in the days of my desk-job LOL!) and I'd pinch off a bit to put on my papercuts, burns, or even blemishes. Sometimes I'd split open the small piece so that the 'insides' were touching the affected area of skin, and then I'd put a band-aid over it for a day or so. I hope some of this helps you with your aloes too.
Keep us posted!